Many industrial processes generate effluent streams that contain a mixture of substances. To reduce the cost of processing these streams, operators can remove the substances that they contain using a range of membrane separation technologies.
Membrane technologies, including the process of reverse osmosis are becoming increasingly important in many parts of the world where they are used extensively in a variety of applications including the desalination and purification of drinking water.
Such membrane separation technologies are particularly effective for the recovery and re-use of both water and raw materials from process streams and can be an important component of any waste and effluent minimisation initiative.
Learn about reverse osmosis and other alternative membrane separation technologies that can be employed in desalination and drinking water purification processes, and to help minimise industrial waste, wastewater and effluent streams... reverse osmosis and membrane technology >>
This excellent good practice guide looks at minimisation initiatives, specifically those "industrial-scale" membrane separation technologies that can be employed to help minimise industrial waste, wastewater and effluent.
This short good practice guide looks at what needs to be considered when undertaking a reverse osmosis plant start-up procedure.
This technical guide considers the effects of scale on reverse osmosis membranes and plant efficiency and how the use of membrane scale inhibitors can improve overall performance and efficiency.
This short paper looks at the use of reverse osmosis (RO) in process water treatment applications and considers the process itself, the use of reverse osmosis membranes, and factors affecting water quality and plant performance.